• Ashutosh Saxena

Season of eclipse

Updated: Oct 7, 2020

Annular solar eclipse 21 June,2020

As far as it seems like a season of the eclipse, in June-July 2020 there will be a lot happening in space too besides the COVID situation on the earth as there will be a total of 3 eclipses in between 5 June to 5 July each with an approximate gap of 15 days. Not just the gap but the sequence they have is a bit exciting too we just witnessed a penumbral eclipse on a Friday night, 5 June and now the next eclipse will be on 21 June which will be an annular eclipse following it there will be a penumbral eclipse again on 5 July, perhaps it’s a great coincidence that the season is going to start and end with the same number i.e., (5th of June -5th of July).

The solar eclipse is an eclipse during which the moon comes in between the earth and sun forming a big shadow on the face of the earth, blocking sunlight fully or partially. This happens only when the sun, moon, and earth are aligned together. Such alignment coincides with a new moon indicating the Moon is closest to the ecliptic plane. In a total eclipse, the disk of the Sun is fully obscured by the Moon. In partial and annular eclipses, only part of the Sun is obscured.

There would be total solar eclipses every new moon, However, since the Moon's orbit is not perfectly circular being tilted at more than 5 degrees to the Earth's orbit around the Sun, its shadow usually misses Earth. A solar eclipse can only occur when the Moon is close enough to the ecliptic plane during a new moon.

Total eclipses are rare because the timing of the new moon within the eclipse season needs to be more exact for an alignment between the observer (on Earth) and the centers of the Sun and Moon. Also, the elliptical orbit of the Moon often takes it far enough away from Earth that it’s apparent size is not large enough to block the Sun entirely.

An annular eclipse is when the Sun and Moon are exactly in line with the Earth, but the apparent size of the Moon is smaller than that of the Sun. Hence the Sun appears as a very bright ring, or annulus, surrounding the dark disk of the Moon.

When and where it will be seen?

This 21 June 2020 the annular eclipse will start at 9:15 am and will complete the entire process of the eclipse in about 6 hours with the end at 3:04 pm 21 June 2020.

The annular phase of this solar eclipse will be visible from parts of Africa, south of Pakistan and northern India; and China. people in these areas will likely see the characteristic of a ring of fire.

an image of full annular eclipse forming a ring of Sunlight around moon shadow called ring of fire.
Ring Of Fire

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