Updated: Oct 7, 2020
Reported on Tuesday-16 June 2020 -the day before on 15 June, hand-to-hand combat with the People's Liberation Army (PLA) resulted in the deaths of 20 Indian soldiers of the 16th Bihar Regiment and its commanding officer (a colonel), along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) which was the result of the 1962 Sino-Indian War. The battle reportedly involved stones and batons but not guns, while three Indian soldiers died on the spot, others died later due to injuries and hypothermia. Sources reported that the battle resulted in 43 Chinese casualties (dead and seriously injured) including a Chinese commanding officer, (U.S.) intelligence report, said that China suffered at least 35 casualties by the Indian forces however, The Chinese defense ministry confirmed the existence of Chinese casualties but refused to share the number.
CAUSE OF CONFLICT:
Tensions rise from the late April in the Ladakh region Galwan valley where, the Border Road Organisation (BRO)- working on a 255 Km-long strategic Darbuk-Shyok-Daulat Beg Oldie (DSDBO) road which will lead to a reduction in time of travel for the Indian security forces moving from Leh to Daulat Beg Oldi to six hours, however, earlier the time of travel was significantly higher and also provide all-weather access to far-flung areas abutting the 38,000 square km territory of Aksai Chin under Chinese occupation, such as the Depsang Plains, which saw a tense India-China stand-off in 2013.
China is developing its border area near LAC for a very long time could not stand to see India developing its border region; Reported in May, Chinese troops entered the Indian Territory in the Galway River valley to object to the Indian road construction within the (undisputed) Indian Territory. The road under construction is a branch of the Darbuka–Shyok–DBO Road. The report also stated that "the Chinese pitched 70–80 tents in the area and then reinforced the area with troops, heavy vehicles, and monitoring equipment. These all happened not very far from the Indian side. China being stating its right over Galway valley which is a part of the Indian Territory and creating several border disputes also however, The Indian government has cleared its view regarding Galwan valley and its following border areas clearly stating PLA to stand at their original locations behind LAC moving their troops backward.
PM Narendra Modi Addressing the nation on border conflict issue.
India has shown its interest to solve the border dispute with China in a peaceful diplomatic manner restraining such casualties but has also cleared its rights on Galwan valley and follow border territory near LAC that comes under Indian territory and that the nation wants peace but will not stand back on such provocative actions -(PM Shri Narendra Modi Ji).